Just get off the couch, exhort countless articles on weight loss and fitness. Since when did the humble sofa become the enemy of health and happiness? Rebekah White takes another look
The Slow movement challenges the notion that if you’re not busy, you’re settling for less, or letting experiences slip through your fingers. Slow values narrow and deep knowledge over the broad and shallow kind. It understands that some things just shouldn’t happen quickly. Be it slow gardening, cooking or loving, its followers around the world share a belief in things that are painstaking or time-consuming. They know that health and happiness don’t have instant makeovers. Relationships aren’t made in a day, or maintained in five-minute increments. You can’t learn a new skill without putting in time and effort – and bedtime stories shouldn’t be over in 60 seconds.
Turns out, winter’s the perfect time to rediscover the joys of doing less. As the days ebb, the evenings darken and the weather closes in, the body naturally gravitates towards a slower pace. It’s a welcome change from summer’s high-energy, activity-packed months, a time for inner restoration and, whether you are outdoors or in, for enrichment of a quieter kind. Here’s how to get started.
A midwinter night’s daydream
From Aesop’s Fables to Cinderella, we’re taught that lazing around is for losers – and villains. Idle hands make the devil’s work. Sloth is one of the seven deadly sins. Slow is a synonym for stupid. Even the English language thinks busy is best. Our words for ‘doing nothing’ all have negative connotations – they’re about shirking rather than relaxing. And our more poetic terms for lying about are synonymous with being lost in a mental fog: indolent, lethargic, torpid, languorous.
Yep, English is missing a word. One you’d use to describe time spent sitting on your front veranda with a cup of coffee, watching warblers and tui come and go, and the shadows getting shorter. Or an evening in front of the fire as it burns down, turning thoughts over in your mind to consider them from all angles. You’re not lacking in energy and you’re not in a stupor; you’re carefully observing the world around and within you. You’ve just stopped doing.
And your brain is far from lazy when you’re doing nothing. According to a study published in Nature journal, a brain scan of the idle mind reveals it’s almost as active as when completing complex mental tasks. Where once researchers believed the brain edited and encoded memories only while asleep, they now suspect the mind grabs any moment of downtime to get started on sorting through everything it has collected. “The brain at rest is not at rest,” said Harvard neuroscientist Alvaro Pascual-Leone in Newsweek magazine. “Even more important, this resting activity is not random, but is well organised and constitutes the bulk of the brain’s activity.”
Activities commonly frowned on as lazy are highly restorative and healthy: sleeping in, napping, wandering, gazing into the middle distance, daydreaming, people-watching. But if you normally lead a busy life, it’s likely you’ve got an inner critic demanding you spend your time ‘productively’. You may have to fight against feeling guilty for partaking in a bit of nothing – but it’s worth it.
At the table
The Slow movement began with food. In 1986, culinary writer Carlo Petrini led a protest against the opening of the first McDonald’s in Italy. It sparked debate about the way food culture was changing, which solidified into a mission: to preserve Italy’s legendary, deliciously slow (and increasingly beleaguered) dining traditions.
To Carlo Petrini, fast food represented a whole host of problems: poor nutrition, the loss of regional specialities, a lack of respect for the environment and the shattering of that cornerstone of social life
– lingering over a shared meal.
Protesters couldn’t stop McDonald’s opening in Rome, but today the Slow food movement counts members in more than 150 countries and wields considerable political clout. Its adherents preserve recipes handed down through generations, rescue heirloom varieties of plants and seeds which have adapted over centuries to specific regions, and promote the ongoing production of artisanal and regional delicacies.
Slow food invites conversation: a weekend brunch, a leisurely dinner, or afternoon tea where the pot is refilled twice. And we’re programmed to eat together; even our word ‘companion’ comes from the Latin ‘with bread’. Research by the New Zealand government’s Families Commission confirms families who eat together not only enjoy healthier food but a greater sense of wellbeing, fewer instances of depression and better communication.
Slow food is as much about lingering around the table as what’s being dished up. It’s about taking the time for people to loosen up, relax and dig beneath the surface of everyday conversations
– testing out differing views, receiving new ideas and forging relationships. Discussion around the family dinner table is how children form their opinions and understanding of the world.
The creativity of downtime
For centuries there was a leisure class in the Western world so wealthy that they didn’t have to work. Politics of inequality aside, this group of people came up with loads of interesting stuff.
It’s not just competence in a chosen discipline, but an empty mind that sparks creativity – allowing us space to connect ideas in new ways. “Long periods of languor, indolence and staring at the ceiling are needed by any creative person in order to develop ideas,” says Tom Hodgkinson in How to be Idle.
Simple, repetitive tasks free the mind to roam and daydream, according to a 2012 University of California study published in the journal Psychological Science. Which is why crafts and creative hobbies rate highly on the scale of satisfying activities. They offer a balance of repetitive actions (kneading bread, cutting paper, practising piano scales) and creative expression (flavour combinations, greeting card designs, improvisation). You can’t do just one or the other; you need both.
And whether it’s pasta sauce or a knitted jumper that you end up with, there’s something deeply satisfying about being its creator. That’s because our brains are biased to like whatever we make – a human inclination identified by three professors from Harvard, Yale and MIT, in a 2009 study. The professors dubbed it the ‘IKEA effect’ after discovering that assembling even a few pieces of a kitset table brought more personal satisfaction than buying the same table already constructed.
So kick back, and get started on a bit of nothing – or another inefficient activity you’re keen on. You won’t be wasting time. You’ll be using it up properly.